Preventing obesity in low income working adults

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Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Project Description:
Reducing the prevalence of obesity in the population is one of the Healthy People 2010 goals, and active vigilance is required in all age groups in preventing and reversing overweight and obesity. On a population basis, the prevalence of overweight is associated with a myriad of influences, including social, behavioral, cultural and environmental factors as well as genetic and physiological factors. For a majority of overweight individuals, restoring a balance between energy intake and expenditure is difficult, and therefore there is an increasing emphasis on preventing obesity on a population level. The longer-term goal of this research is to prevent further increase in rates of obesity in the population. This project has the potential to influence the worksite environment in ways informed by this Center's other projects. In the adult population of working age, a majority of the day is spent in the worksite, suggesting that interventions at the worksite level may offer the opportunity for success in this age group. We propose to develop and test a comprehensive intervention with simple messages that will integrate changes in dietary intake with changes in energy expenditure, while simultaneously modifying structural and environmental factors to promote social support and opportunities for behavioral change. We will recruit and randomize 28 worksites, from the 98144 zip code area, to a two year intervention in which we will: build a physical activity intervention combining increased daily physical activity and regular, structured exercise;build a dietary intervention that will promote lower calorie intake;increase worksite access to both healthy foods and physical activity. Our primary aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing or maintaining body mass index in a randomized controlled trial of worksites. We will compare changes in body mass index in intervention versus control worksites using two cross-sectional surveys at baseline and followup. The impact of the intervention on biomarkers related to nutritional intake, obesity, inflammation, insulin resistance and adipokines will be estimated in a subset of employees. Our team has considerable experience with interventions at the worksite level and substantial expertise in obesity prevention. We anticipate that this project will yield important contributions to the implementation of obesity prevention and will be informed by study results obtained in Projects 1-4.
 
Project Terms:
adipokines adult age age group american animals area awareness behavior behavior change behavioral biological markers body mass index body weight body weight decreased cancer prevention cancer risk child code cross-sectional studies cues design developed countries developing countries diet dietary intake dietary intervention eating effectiveness of interventions effectiveness trial employee energy balance energy intake energy metabolism environment environmental policy environmental risk factor epidemic equilibrium exercise expenditure experience feeding follow-up food genetic goals health disparity healthy people 2010 human improve access improved individual inflammation insulin resistance intake intervention lead low income measures mediating metabolic methods neighborhoods nutritional obesity obesity prevention overweight persons phase philosophy physical activity physiological policies population population based prevalence prevent procedures programs quality of life randomized randomized controlled trials recruitment activity research research support resources social social class social support structure success symptoms testing training vigilance weight gain work workplace clinical research - extramural nutrition prevention effectiveness research clinical trials clinical research basic behavioral and social science behavioral and social science translational research cancer
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
Organization: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, United States, Washington, SEATTLE
Principal Investigators (PI): Beresford Shirley Aa, US
 
Project Categories:
Natural Sciences
 
Other Information:
Fiscal Year: 2009
Project Start Date: 1 September 2009
Project End Date: 31 August 2010
Project program: Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements
 
Project Funding Information:
Funding Mechanism: Research Centers
Year Funding Organization Total Funding, $
2009 NIH - National Cancer Institute $312,016
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Title FY Funding
There are no results for this project in database.
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Project Title Organization FY Funding
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Title Journal Year Country Rel
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Title Year
Project Title: Preventing obesity in low income working adults
Project Number: 5U54CA116847-05-0005
Project web address: Follow on NIH
Parent Project: 5U54CA116847-05
 
Title Phase Year